How to Treat Growing Pains? Natural Remedies for Children

My daughter is five (almost six – wow, where did that time go?). For the last two years she has suffered from terrible pains in her legs. A visit to the doctor left me with the diagnosis of ‘growing pains’ – a condition that we really seem to dismiss in our society, indeed the term is used to describe all sorts of issues with ‘growing up’, more often psychological rather than physical which tends to undermine the very real physical pain that children can experience.


I remember complaining of similar at a young age, I used to wake frequently at night with pains in my legs and remember crying out for my parents. It seems the pains my daughter and I experienced are not uncommon though, with research suggesting that up to 49% of young children experience growing pains at some point in childhood. Nobody really knows what causes growing pains although they do tend to run in families and seem to spontaneously resolve by late childhood.

A paper (1) by Goodyear-Smith explains growing pains as:

Growing pains are typically non-articular, inter-mittent bilateral aches or pains in the legs that occur in the evening or at night in children aged 3-12 years. They are not associated with limping or limited mobility and do not involve the joints (all of which are recognised signs of pathology); no signs of local trauma or infection are seen. Physical examination and laboratory and x ray investigations are normal. The diagnosis of growing pains is one of exclusion. Reported prevalence ranges from 2.6% to 49.4%, which reflects the diverse criteria used to identify cases and the differing populations sampled.”

Oddly, despite the name ‘growing pains’ don’t actually seemed to be linked to growth.

Research (2) suggests that the following are common symptoms of growing pains:

  • For two thirds of children pain is located either in the shins, calves, thighs or at the back of the knee
  • Pain is almost always on both sides.
  • The pain usually appears late in the day or at night, often waking the child.
  • The duration of the pain can range from minutes to hours.
  • The intensity can be anything from mild to very severe.
  • By morning the child is almost always pain free.
  • There are no objective signs of inflammation on physical examination.
  • Pain comes in episodes, with pain-free intervals lasting from days to months, although pain can occur daily.
  • 43% of children have episodes of growing pains at least once a week
  • Parents can often predict when the child will have pain after days of increased activity
  • Children are often more moody or tired when experiencing growing pains

If you suspect your child may have growing pains it is always worth visiting your GP to rule out any other conditions, particularly if the pain is only on one side or is accompanied by any swelling. Once your doctor gives you the ‘all clear’ your mind will probably turn to ways you can help to relieve the pain for your child, if, like me, you would prefer to use more natural methods here is a list of remedies I have found helps my little girl.

1. Warm Baths

This is almost a fail safe when my daughter suffers from growing pains, we have found that using the warmest water that she can tolerate can often completely ease the pains, particularly if we use a relaxation bath milk as the pains tend to keep her awake and she often needs extra help to fall back to sleep. Our current favourite is Weleda Lavender Bath Milk which I actually buy for myself as a special treat to help me unwind after a long hard day of mothering and work! I love anything with lavender in and think it really does have magical relaxation properties.

2. Vitamin D Supplements

We have recently started to take Vitamin D supplements as a whole family. In a shocking recent piece of research (3) looking at children with growing pains it was found that only 6% of the children had normal vitamin D levels, so it seems that the pain may in part be linked to Vitamin D levels.


3. Massage (& Arnica)

I have been a fan of massage for years, both for myself and my children, I have massaged all of my babies and in 2007 trained to teach the techniques to parents. Massage is great for calming and relaxation and also for easing pains in sore muscles. My daugter loves her massages and they have now become part of her bedtime ritual. When she is having growing pains we like to use Weleda Arnica Massage Oil. As a qualified homeopath I love arnica (THIS PREVIOUS ARTICLE of mine covers the use of arnica during and after birth) and its symptom picture of “soreness, lameness and bruising” is a great fit for growing pains. If my daughter is really suffering I will give her an Arnica 200C pillule in water, but in most cases I usually just use Weleda’s massage oil. It has a wonderful heady, herby, relaxing scent (that reminds me of the clary sage and geranium blend I used in labour) and has magical warming qualities, a bit like a gentler, more natural ‘deep heat’.

4. Relaxation Techniques

As a trained hypnotherapist I am a big fan of using relaxation techniques with children. I often talk my daughter through a relaxing visualisation, or we use breathing techniques to help her to calm down. Sometimes we also use Relax Kids CDs or the ToddlerCalm Toddler Relaxation CD, which is her current favourite to fall asleep to.

5. Chiropractic Treatment

We haven’t yet tried chiropractic treatment for growing pains, but I’m a great fan for general care of babies and children, all of my children have been checked out and three of them treated by a chiropractor for related birth issues and glue ear and we’ve always had great success. A case study in 2011 (4) reported success with managing growing pains, so hopefully more research is in the pipeline!


I hope you find these ideas helpful and that your little one’s growing pains soon pass. Please let me know if you have any other tips I haven’t mentioned here!



1.  Goodyear-Smith F, Arroll B (2006). “Growing pains: Parents and children need reassuring about this self limiting condition of unknown cause”BMJ 333 (7566): 456–7.doi:10.1136/bmj.38950.463877.80PMC 1557982PMID 16946319.

2. Uziel Y, Hashkes PJ (2007). “Growing pains in children”Pediatric rheumatology online journal 5: 5. doi:10.1186/1546-0096-5-5PMC 1869025PMID 17550631.

3. Qamar SAkbani SShamim SKhan G.J  Vitamin D levels in children with growing pains, Coll Physicians Surg Pak. 2011 May;21(5):284-7. doi: 05.2011/JCPSP.284287.

4. Alcantara JDavis J. The chiropractic care of children with “growing pains”: a case series and systematic review of the literature. Complement Ther Clin Pract. 2011 Feb;17(1):28-32.


About SarahOckwell-Smith

Sarah Ockwell-Smith, Parenting author and mother to four.
This entry was posted in Preschoolers, Tweens and tagged , , , , , , , , , , , , , . Bookmark the permalink.

15 Responses to How to Treat Growing Pains? Natural Remedies for Children

  1. Susie says:

    Great article Sarah, and thanks for the tips. My son has had growing pains since he was about 2 or 3 (earlier than he could really articulate what the problem was, so it was quite hard to help him and there was a lot of trial and error). He gets the pain mainly in his shins and behind the knees, and he is now 13 and still gets them. In our experience, they do seem to be related to growth as well as increased activity, and worse if tired (well we all bear pain better when we are not tired). He had a few pains a week or two ago, and today I noticed that his trousers are looking a little bit on the short side! Let’s hope it leads to lovely long legs!

  2. Kat L-B says:

    Great tips! Thank you. My two year old is having significant growing pains. Would the arnica massage oil safe to use for her?

  3. Devon says:

    I help a family I live with watch their 4 kids and just recently their youngest (6) started having growing pains in his legs. This last time i sat in his bed and rubbed his leg while i was praying and he continued to lay in bed and cry. I then got up and got a washcloth wet with cool water and placed it on his leg and the pain and crying stopped almost instantly. I give all the glory to God for the idea because i always toughed through growing pains or my mom rubbed my legs so i didnt really have much of an idea as to treatment. But a cool wet rag seemed very effective and he fell right asleep (:

  4. Mark says:

    As a child I had severe growing pains/leg cramps. For fast relief I would lay on my back, bend both legs up to my chest, wrap my arms around my legs and hold them there tightly! It would take the pain away and after about 20 minutes I could let go and all pain was gone! Worked for me, maybe it could help someone else too….hope so!

  5. Diane Kitsi says:

    The Bowen Therapy would help, I have no doubt.

  6. Leah says:

    Wow Sarah. The photo of the boy sleeping looks like my son. I showed him and he thinks it’s him too. It must be just the photograph. I bet they look way different in person. Btw, thanks for the tips.

  7. Allison says:

    My daughter is almost four years old and started waking up crying a little over two weeks ago. The first week she woke up around midnight every night crying, getting up to use to restroom like three or four times and wouldn’t fall back asleep untill almost three am! This went on for a week straight! Took her to the doctor that Friday and she said she was having nightmares. This started around Halloween so I figured she saw something that freaked her out. We have a great bed time routine which I’ve never had an issue with. Going on the second week of her waking up every night, I went and bought nice fleece bed sheets, lavender baby lotion to help calm her down. Made sure she ate a little more at dinner time. Still nothing was working, keep in mind I’m also seven months pregnant and working full time, not sleeping is killing us both! I’ve noticed in this last week that she was moving around a lot, grabbing her feet, bending her legs into her chest. She was nuzzling her feet into my back or a pillow and was moaning half asleep about her legs hurting. I started rubbing her legs and rocking her back to sleep. Now going on our 16th day without a good night sleep I took her back to the doctor. He also diagnosed her with growing pains. I’m wasn’t so sure about it. I feel like 16 days in a row every night is not normal. So he gave Zyrtec for her to use at night. Has anyone else had the doctor prescribe this to their child for growing pains???

  8. Sharon says:

    My granddaughter is 7 She was taking vitamins & she ran out about a week ago and tonight she missed her bath. around 1a.m. she woke up crying her legs hurt. Dr. Said she had growing pains when she was 4 so this is like her second faze…. growing pains again:( so I googled & lots of answers are vitamin D & hot packs. So I will be going to get her vitamins & make sure she doesn’t miss her bath, it was helping her with growing pains and I didn’t even know.

  9. Jenny says:

    My son wakes up in the night with growing pains about once every 2 or 3 months. Usually after a physical day of soccer, etc. restless leg syndrome runs in our family, so I wonder if it’s linked. Since it only happens a few times a year, I give him Children’s Motrin. He suffers for about 20 minutes or so until it finally works and he goes back to sleep. He is nine years old and it’s been going on about 5 years. He is tall for his age.

  10. lilo says:

    I had horrible pains growing up. My mom would get rubbing alcohol and put it on my legs, put my PJs on then cover me with my blanket. Sometimes two depending how cold it was. You have to keep warmth on where the pain is after you put the alcohol.The pain goes away fast. We have used this for all the kids in my family. It really works and don’t need much but the rubbing alcohol. Just be sure they do whatever needs to get done before they lay down n do this. Its better if they don’t get up once its applied. As an adult I still get pains in my legs at times and this still works for me.

  11. New York New Mom says:

    Hi Sarah,
    I don’t want to sound “too far out there,” but it occurred to me when our son was born a year ago that even infants might be experiencing “growing pains.” It is said that growing pains can commence at 3 years perhaps because that is when the child can tell us what is wrong. I would love it if there was some evidence to back up my theory! We used infant massage to good effect (especially his legs and feet) when he seemed to be crying for “no reason” but definitely seemed in pain. I’m curious if you or any other parent has had such a thought?

  12. Gretchen says:

    Is it possible for my granddaughter of 18 months to have growing pains. The last 2 days she’s been crying and then she touches her knees. As soon as I rub her knees she stops crying. And her pain happens in the morning as well

    • Marty Beaird says:

      Gretchen – You should take her to a pediatrician! Before that, you should probably continue the massage and may want to other proven treatments for growing pains like cold or warm therapy. Obviously, our products do that and come sized for little children. You should probably take notes on her daily activity and when and what days she has the pain. It may help her doctor diagnose the pain. – Marty

  13. maria says:

    When my children were little and now with my grandchildren I rub Vicks on their legs for about 10 mins each leg ,and bottom of feet then put socks and cover with blanket, that has helped a great deal…and if too much gave some moltrin.

  14. Robyn Ballin says:

    My children suffered with growing pains n were given alfalfa tablets that worked well but can’t get it anymore. Any replacement ideas??

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